Theory lunch — TODAY

October 12, 2012 § Leave a comment

Trade-offs of aerobic glycolysis
Nikolai Slavov, Oudenaarden group, MIT

Today, 12 October 2012, 12:00-1.30pm, Warren Alpert 563 – HMS

Abstract
Most cells can derive energy from glucose either by oxidizing it completely to carbon dioxide and water, i.e. oxidative phosphorylation, or by fermenting the glucose to ethanol/lactate. It has been known for a century that under some conditions cells ferment glucose into ethanol/lactate even in the presence of sufficient oxygen to support oxidative phosphorylation. This process, known as aerobic glycolysis, appears surprising since oxidative phosphorylation has higher energy yield per glucose molecule than fermentation. Thus, numerous studies have suggested many elegant mechanisms that, theoretically, can rationalize aerobic glycolysis and yet some of these mechanisms are mutually incompatible. Instead of examining existing hypotheses and models, we measured metabolic fluxes, rates of respiration and fermentation in budding yeast growing across a wide range of conditions, aiming to identify experimentally trade-offs associated with aerobic glycolysis. We used these data to eliminate theoretical possibilities and constrain as much as possible the systems-level physiological responses and adaptations of cell growth to different nutrient environments and growth rates. Our flux data, combined with simple analysis based on mass-conservation, suggest inherent trade-offs in respiration and fermentation. I will discuss how some of these trade-offs can be understood in terms of first principles.

TL schedule here.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

What’s this?

You are currently reading Theory lunch — TODAY at It Takes 30.

meta

%d bloggers like this: